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A Comparative Study on the Presentation of Geometric Proof in Secondary Mathematics Textbooks in China, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia

Part of the ICME-13 Monographs book series (ICME13Mo)

Abstract

This chapter presents a comparative study aiming to examine how geometric proof is treated in secondary school mathematics textbooks in China, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia, and explore the similarities and differences revealed in these three countries’ textbooks. The results show that, although all the selected textbooks from these countries introduced mathematics topics related to geometric proof, they differed considerably in three aspects: the number of examples, the distribution of contents and, to a lesser degree, the types of proof. The textbooks in China contain the highest percentage of geometric contents and pay the most attention to the topic of geometric proof itself. The national mathematics curricula are clearly a main factor for the differences revealed.

Keywords

  • Mathematics teachers’ resources
  • Mathematics textbook research
  • Geometric proof
  • Chinese mathematics education
  • Indonesian mathematics education
  • Mathematics education in Saudi Arabia

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Notes

  1. 1.

    Note this is not necessarily the case in other countries. For example, in China and England, the learning progression stipulated in the national syllabus (standards) is classified into different learning stages with each stage consisting of a few grades or years, and grade 7 to grade 9 (or year 7 to year 9 in England) are in the same learning stage (the third stage). Hence, textbook developers and authors might introduce different mathematics topics and contents for the same grade level, resulting in different sequencing of mathematics topics from grade 7 to grade 9.

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Fan, L., Mailizar, M., Alafaleq, M., Wang, Y. (2018). A Comparative Study on the Presentation of Geometric Proof in Secondary Mathematics Textbooks in China, Indonesia, and Saudi Arabia. In: Fan, L., Trouche, L., Qi, C., Rezat, S., Visnovska, J. (eds) Research on Mathematics Textbooks and Teachers’ Resources. ICME-13 Monographs. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73253-4_3

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-73253-4_3

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