The Business Structure of Illegal Drugs: Concentration-Fragmentation, Cartels, and Extreme Violence



This chapter develops a central hypothesis: The type of drug trafficking is producing concentration at the transporting stage of the drug business and fragmentation at the retail level. Those who control the transshipment (the kingpins and cartels) capture the lion share of the profits. It examines the question of why do drug cartels emerge and what triggers the violence in the drug business.


Extreme Violence Drug Business Sinaloa Cartel cocaineCocaine United Nations Office On Drugs And Crime (UNODC) 
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© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Center for Latin American Studies on Insecurity & ViolenceNational University of Tres de FebreroBuenos AiresArgentina

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