The Touchstones for Understanding Football Fans’ Collective Actions: A Primer in Cultural Relational Sociology

  • Jamie Cleland
  • Mark Doidge
  • Peter Millward
  • Paul Widdop
Part of the Palgrave Studies in Relational Sociology book series (PSRS)


This chapter lays down seven analytical touchstones to understand the collective actions of football fans that can be gathered from the published literature in both the sociology of social movements and the sociology of sport. These analytical touchstones are (i) the structures of and roles in collective action; (ii) affect, emotion, and collective effervescence; (iii) communication, cooperation, and conventions; (iv) mobilizing resources; (v) tactics; (vi) recruitment to collective action and ‘outcomes’ of mobilization; and (vii) the spaces and places of organization and action. Each is relationally defined and discussed.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jamie Cleland
    • 1
  • Mark Doidge
    • 2
  • Peter Millward
    • 3
  • Paul Widdop
    • 4
  1. 1.University of South AustraliaAdelaideAustralia
  2. 2.School of Sport and Service ManagementUniversity of BrightonEastbourneUK
  3. 3.School of Humanities & Social ScienceLiverpool John Moores UniversityLiverpoolUK
  4. 4.Leeds Beckett UniversityLeedsUK

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