Glocalization, English as a Lingua Franca and ELT: Reconceptualizing Identity and Models for ELT in China

  • Fan (Gabriel) Fang
Part of the Educational Linguistics book series (EDUL, volume 35)


The English language functions as a lingua franca (ELF), facilitating intercultural communication among those who speak different first languages. With the development and research of World Englishes and ELF, the concept of an idealized native speaker has been challenged through various discourses and classroom practices. Using China as the main context, this chapter introduces issues related to the notions of native and non-native speakers of English and to the standard language ideology of English language teaching (ELT). Narrative inquiry is employed to explore how Chinese ELT professionals, including the author himself, who have education experience abroad, negotiate their professional identities. This chapter concludes by stressing the importance of moving beyond the idealized native speaker model to glocalized ELT practices. That however, requires local ELT practitioners to reconsider the goals and model of ELT, possibly by recognizing the significance of local Englishes and integrating them into the language curriculum, and by applying critical pedagogy to actual practice.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.English Language Centre, College of Liberal ArtsShantou UniversityShantouChina

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