Advertisement

Emerging Adults and Risky and Dangerous Behaviors

  • Christopher Salvatore
Chapter

Abstract

Emerging adulthood is a period of exploration. During this time experimentation in substance use, sexuality, and other risky and dangerous behaviors are common. These behaviors are examined, statistics regarding prevalence presented, and consequences discussed.

Keywords

Alcohol Risky Dangerous Binge drinking Sexual behaviors 

References

  1. Adhikari, B., Kahende, J., Malarcher, A., Pechacek, T., & Tong, V. (2008). Smoking-attributable mortality, years of potential life lost, and productivity losses: United States, 2000–2004. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, 57(45), 1226–1228.Google Scholar
  2. Arnett, J. J. (2005). The developmental context of substance use in emerging adulthood. Journal of Drug Issues, 22, 235–354.  https://doi.org/10.1177/002204260503500202.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Arnett, J. J. (2015). Emerging adulthood: The winding road from the late teens through the twenties. New York: Oxford University Press.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Arnett, J. J., & Schwab, J. (2012). The Clark University Poll of Emerging Adults: Thriving, Struggling, and Hopeful. Worcester, MA: Clark University. Retrieved from http://www.clarku.edu/clarkpoll/
  5. Bogle, K. A. (2007). The shift from dating to hooking up in college: What scholars have missed. Sociology Compass, 1(2), 775–788.  https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1751-9020.2007.00031.x.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Center for Behavioral Health Statistics and Quality. (2015). Behavioral health trends in the United States: Results from the 2014 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (HHS Publication No. SMA 15-4927, NSDUH Series H-50). Retrieved from http://www.samhsa.gov/data/
  7. Center for Disease Control (CDC). (2016). CDC fact sheet: Reported STDs in the United States 2015: National data for chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis.Google Scholar
  8. Eitle, D., Taylor, J., & McNulty-Eitle, T. (2010). Heavy episodic alcohol use in emerging adulthood: The role of early risk factors and young adult social roles. Journal of Drug Issues, 40, 295–320.  https://doi.org/10.1177/002204261004000203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Ferguson, S. A. (2003). Other high-risk factors for young drivers: How graduated licensing does, doesn’t, or could address them. Journal of Safety Research, 34, 71–77.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Frick, P. J., & Kimonis, E. R. (2008). Externalizing disorders of childhood. In J. E. Maddux & B. A. Winstead (Eds.), Psychopathology: Foundations for a contemporary understanding (2nd ed., pp. 349–374). New York: Routledge/Taylor & Francis.Google Scholar
  11. Garcia, J. R., & Reiber, C. (2008). Hook-up behavior: A biopsychosocial perspective. Journal of Social, Evolutionary, and Cultural Psychology, 2, 192–208.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Harford, T. C., Yi, H. Y., & Hilton, M. E. (2006). Alcohol abuse and dependence in college and noncollege samples: A ten-year prospective follow-up in a national survey. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 67, 803–809.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heldman, C., & Wade, L. (2010). Hook-up culture: Setting a new research agenda. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 7, 323–333.  https://doi.org/10.1007/s13178-010-0024-z.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hingson, R., Heeren, T., Winter, M., & Wechsler, H. (2005). Magnitude of alcohol-related mortality and morbidity among U.S. college students ages 18–24: Changes from 1998 to 2001. Annual Review Public Health, 26, 259–279.  https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.publhealth.26.021304.1 44652.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Hingson, R., & White, H. M. (2010). Magnitude and preventing of college alcohol and drug misuse: U.S. college students aged 18–24. In J. Kay & C. Schwartz (Eds.), Mental health care in the college community (pp. 289–324). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley Blackwell.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Johnston, L. D., O’Malley, P. M., Bachman, J. G., & Schulenberg, J. E. (2012). Monitoring the future national survey results on drug use 1975–2012. Ann Arbor, MI: Institute for Social Research.Google Scholar
  17. Lam, C. B., & Lefkowitz, E. S. (2013). Risky sexual behaviors in emerging adults: Longitudinal changes and within-person variations. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 523–532.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Naimi, T. S., Brewer, R. D., Mokdad, A., Denny, C., Serdula, M. K., & Marks, J. S. (2003). Binge drinking among US adults. Journal of the American Medical Association, 289, 70–75.Google Scholar
  19. National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA). (2015). Traffic Safety Facts 2015. Washington, DC. Retrieved from https://www.nhtsa.gov/sites/nhtsa.dot.gov/files/documents/812409_tsf2015dataspeeding.pdf
  20. O’Malley, P. M., & Johnston, L. D. (2002). Epidemiology of alcohol and other drug use among American college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 63(Suppl 14), 23–39.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Pascal, M. J., Bersamin, M., & Flewelling, R. L. (2005). Racial/ethnic differences in the association between college attendance and heavy alcohol use: A national study. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 66, 266–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Reckdenwald, A., Ford, J. A., & Murray, B. N. (2016). Alcohol use in emerging adulthood: Can Moffitt’s developmental theory help us understand binge drinking among college students? Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse, 25, 497–503.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Regnerus, M. D., & Uecker, M. (2009). Premarital sex in America. New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  24. Rohrbach, L. A., Ringwalt, C. L., Ennett, S. T., & Vincus, A. A. (2005). Factors associated with adoption of evidence-based substance use prevention curricula in US school districts. Health Education Research, 20, 514–526.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Schulenberg, J. E., Maggs, J. L., & O’Malley, P. M. (2003). How and why the understanding of developmental continuity and discontinuity is important: The sample case of long-term consequences of adolescent substance use. In J. T. Mortimer & M. J. Shanahan (Eds.), Handbook of the life course (pp. 413–436). New York: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). (2015). National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). Table 6.84B—Tobacco product and alcohol use in past month among persons aged 18 to 22, by college enrollment status: Percentages, 2014 and 2015. Retrieved from https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUH-DetTabs-2015/NSDUH-DetTabs-2015/NSDUH-DetTabs-2015.htm#tab6-84b
  27. White, H. R., & Jackson, K. (2005). Social and psychological influences on emerging adult drinking behavior. Alcohol Research & Health, 28, 182–190.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Christopher Salvatore
    • 1
  1. 1.Montclair State UniversityMontclairUSA

Personalised recommendations