From on the Field Training to E-Learning

  • Fausto Ciccacci
  • Kingaru Shamsi
Part of the TELe-Health book series (TEHE)


Training is one of the key aspects of both the DREAM and the GHT programmes, since the lack of skilled personnel is a critical issue for national health systems in Africa.

The training process can be described as follows: assessment of training needs, setting training objectives, frontal training and on-the-job training.

The training objectives have to be decided together with the health staff, in meetings held at different levels, and it is very important to identify the right personnel to be trained.

Once the objectives have been decided, the training has to be organised with either traditional lessons or on-the-job sessions. In traditional lessons it is important to provide enough time for case reports, role playing and real-life simulations.

The choice of trainers is also very important. The right trainers have to be identified for the various needs and objectives. The lessons have to be as relevant to the trainees’ experience as possible. When it is important to train personnel on practical skills, it is best to have operational trainers such as clinical coordinators or experienced African colleagues.

The training method often involves “pan-African” training courses, which have the great advantage of making the trainees feel they are part of the big challenge of health for their continent and make them leaders of change.


Training Capacity building Training on the job E-learning Sustainability 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.‘DREAM Program’, Community of Sant’EgidioRomeItaly
  2. 2.DREAM ProgramArushaTanzania

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