The Neustadt, a “new town” which was erected in Strasbourg after the annexation of Alsace-Moselle by the German Empire (1871–1918), presents a typical urban design including small gardens. Vorgärten in the German language, literally “front garden”, are usually delimited at the front by the public road (sidewalk) at the back by the building, and on the sides by the boundaries. Integrated into the layout of public roads and particularly visible from the street, these gardens are privately owned and located on the property rights-of-way. Thus, in a few streets of urban extension, they form shallow green spaces (about 3 m) and border the facades of the buildings. Sanitary conditions in the city were indeed a new societal issue, which led to restructuring in urban planning models. The very history of the evolution of urban stakes is materialized in this specific area of Vorgarten and summarizes to some extent the intersections of public policies and habits. Thus, Vorgärten conceived in hygienist vein have undoubtedly evolved from their origin to our days. Our research allowed us to note the following two break points: On the one hand, the issues related to hygiene have been reconverted to those related to ecology—in this sense we can speak of mutation; on the other hand, their appropriation varies according to the frontier zones and the territorial characteristics within the Neustadt, between the busier and the more residential streets. Note that the degree of appropriation is decisive in maintaining the “green” dimension of these gardens. On this point, the fate of foster gardens is quite opposite to that of totally mineralized gardens. These concrete and significant examples have made it possible to highlight the evolution of these spaces.
- Urban planning