Passive Energy Dissipating Systems

  • Gian Paolo Cimellaro
  • Sebastiano Marasco
Part of the Geotechnical, Geological and Earthquake Engineering book series (GGEE, volume 45)


This chapter introduces the different passive strategies used to protect the structure from seismic actions. The types of passive energy dissipation are illustrated. Furthermore, a large variety of passive energy dissipating systems are analyzed in detail.


  1. Aiken ID, Kelly JM (1990) Earthquake simulator testing and analytical studies of two energy-absorbing systems for multistory structures. Doctoral dissertation, University of California, BerkeleyGoogle Scholar
  2. Chawla KK, Meyers M (1999) Mechanical behavior of materials. Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle RiverGoogle Scholar
  3. Christopoulos C, Filiatrault A (2003) Post-tensioned energy dissipating (PTED) steel frames for seismic regionsGoogle Scholar
  4. Cimellaro GP, De Stefano A (2010) Correlation in spectral accelerations of European ground motion records. In: Proceedings of 9NCEEGoogle Scholar
  5. Cimellaro G, Soong T, Reinhorn AM (2009) Integrated design of controlled linear structural systems. J Struct Eng ASCE 135(7):853–862. https://doi.ogr/10.1061/(ASCE)ST.1943-541X.0000032 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Constantinou MC, Symans M (1992) Experimental and analytical investigation of seismic response of structures with supplemental fluid viscous dampers. National Center for earthquake engineering research, BuffaloGoogle Scholar
  7. Constantinou MC, Tsopelas P, Hammel W, Sigaher AN (2001) Toggle-brace-damper seismic energy dissipation systems. J Struct Eng 127(2):105–112CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Filiatrault A, Restrepo J, Christopoulos C (2004) Development of self-centering earthquake resisting systems. In: 13th world conference on earthquake engineering, pp 1–6Google Scholar
  9. Fitzgerald T, Anagnos T, Goodson M, Zsutty T (1989) Slotted bolted connections in aseismic design for concentrically braced connections. Earthq Spectra 5(2):383–391CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Funakubo K, Sakamoto M (1987) Higher order contributions in finite temperature renormalization group. Phys Lett B 186(2):205–210CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Hoehler MS, Stanton JF (2006) Simple phenomenological model for reinforcing steel under arbitrary load. J Struct Eng 132(7):1061–1069CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Pall AS, Marsh C, Fazio P (1980) Friction joints for seismic control of large panel structures. PCI J 25(6):38–61CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Richter PJ, Nims DK, Kelly JM, Kallembach R (1990) The EDR-energy dissipating restraint. A new device for mitigation of seismic effects. In: Proceedings of the 1990 SEAOC convention, vol 1, pp 377–401Google Scholar
  14. Ricles JM, Sause R, Garlock MM, Zhao C (2001) Posttensioned seismic-resistant connections for steel frames. J Struct Eng 127(2):113–121CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Robinson W, Tucker A (1976) A lead-rubber shear damper. Bull N Z Natl Soc Earthq Eng 4:251–259Google Scholar
  16. Roh H, Cimellaro GP, Lopez-Garcia D (2011) Seismic response of adjacent steel structures connected by passive device. Adv Struct Eng 14(3):499–517. CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Scholl RE (1990) Added damping and stiffness elements. US Patent 4,910,929Google Scholar
  18. Song G, Ma N, Li HN (2006) Applications of shape memory alloys in civil structures. Eng struct 28(9):1266–1274CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Soong T, Cimellaro G (2009) Future directions in structural control. J Struct Control Health Monit 16(1):7–16CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Tsai KC, Chih-Yu W (2013) Buckling restrained brace. US Patent 8,424,252Google Scholar
  21. Tsai KC, Chen HW, Hong CP, Su YF (1993) Design of steel triangular plate energy absorbers for seismic-resistant construction. Earthq Spectra 9(3):505–528CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Zhu S, Zhang Y (2007) Seismic behaviour of self-centring braced frame buildings with reusable hysteretic damping brace. Earthq Eng Struct Dyn 36(10):1329–1346CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gian Paolo Cimellaro
    • 1
  • Sebastiano Marasco
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Structural, Geotechnical and Building Engineering (DISEG)Politecnico di TorinoTorinoItaly

Personalised recommendations