Art, Morality and the Fate of Nations: 1848–53

  • Graham A. MacDonald


This chapter focuses on the influence of British and European calls for radical reform on Ruskin’s artistic studies after 1848. Threats to Venice issue from a combination of war and politically sponsored violence, the rise of tourism, associated with new rail access, and the rise of building restoration schemes. Ruskin’s shift to social commentary is noticed via his tract on Anglican church unity, a response to the ‘Papal aggression’ associated with Roman ultramontane initiatives in England. His connection with English Ultra-Toryism is reviewed and also his budding association with Carlyle. The chapter in Ruskin’s The Stones of Venice entitled ‘The Nature of Gothic’ is noticed for its role in his developing historical and political views.


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Authors and Affiliations

  • Graham A. MacDonald
    • 1
  1. 1.ParksvilleCanada

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