Conclusion: After Reading

  • Joe Bray
Part of the Language, Style and Literature book series (LSL)


The Conclusion summarises the main arguments of the book by turning to the figure of the reader. Concentrating on Emma, Bray argues that Austen’s fiction invites, even demands a particular kind of attentive reading, which her heroines, especially Emma, often fail to perform. By picking up on subtle hints and clues, the careful reader is thus able to stay one step ahead of the character. This subtlety of style, Bray suggests, is what makes Austen’s fiction so rewarding and enjoyable, and so susceptible to re-reading.

Works Cited

  1. Austen, J. (1816) 2005b. Emma. Edited by R. Cronin and D. McMillan. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.Google Scholar
  2. Gamer, M. 2000. Unanswerable Gallantry and Thick-Headed Nonsense: Rereading Box Hill. In Re-Reading Box Hill: Reading the Practice of Reading Everyday Life, ed. W. Galperin. Romantic Circles Praxis Series.
  3. Harding, D.W. (1940) 1998. Regulated Hatred and Other Essays on Jane Austen. Edited by M. Lawlor. London and Atlantic Highlands, NJ: The Athlone Press.Google Scholar
  4. Stockwell, P. 2002. Cognitive Poetics: An Introduction. London and New York: Routledge.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joe Bray
    • 1
  1. 1.School of EnglishUniversity of SheffieldSheffieldUK

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