Risk Factors for Violence Against Refugee Women

  • Janet P. StamatelEmail author
  • Chenghui Zhang


Among the many humanitarian challenges facing refugees, women and girls are particularly vulnerable to gender-based violence in their countries of origin, during their journeys, and in their destination countries. In this chapter, we examine gendered social and power relations in both source and host countries to elaborate on the risks for violence against women among refugees at these different stages of the migration process. We find that risks for violence against female refugees are not shaped by gender alone but instead stem from intersectional inequalities based on gender, race, ethnicity, social class, and legal status that may have different meanings at different stages of the transnational migration experiences of refugees. This fluidity makes it difficult to generalize across refugees’ experiences and to improve resources for reducing violence against refugee women.


Violence against women Gender-based violence Inequality Gender Intersectionality 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SociologyUniversity of KentuckyLexingtonUSA

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