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Teaching About Migrants and Refugees of West African Countries: UNESCO’s Experience and Recommendations for Educationists and Educators

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Abstract

West Africa is the region with the largest migrant stock in Africa, as well as the highest number of intraregional migrants. The objective of this chapter is to reflect on the context that led to the rapidly growing migration trend, potential social problems associated with the migration, the role of education, particularly civic education in responding to the migrant and refugee “problem,” and to explore ways to assess the effectiveness of civic education activities for West African countries. It describes activities implemented under UNESCO’s Global Citizenship Education (GCED) program and some good practices of other institutions in promoting better integration of migrants and refugees in host communities, with a view to promoting the enduring locally developed solutions. A quick literature review on migration, refugees, security, and education shows that some countries in West Africa have already integrated civic education into their policies, curricula, and teaching practices, but further efforts are needed in reaching out-of-school populations, advocacy and expansion of good practices, and the assessment of the impact of these interventions.

Akemi Yonemura has been Programme Specialist (Education) for UNESCO since 2002 and is currently working for the Dakar Regional Office. The views expressed herein are those of the author. No official endorsement by UNESCO is intended or should be inferred. The author appreciates Ms. Jamie Watts in Dakar (Senegal) for her review and comments on the chapter.

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Notes

  1. 1.

    The Human Development Index (HDI) is a summary measure of average achievement in key dimensions of human development: a long and healthy life, being knowledgeable and have a decent standard of living.

  2. 2.

    This data includes Mauritania in addition to 15 ECOWAS countries.

  3. 3.

    Larousse French Dictionary. [Online] Page consulted on 15/06/2012 http/www.larousse.fr/dictionnaires/francais cited in UNESCO Dakar (2013a).

  4. 4.

    Larousse French Dictionary. [Online]. Page consulted on 15/06/2012 http/www.larousse.fr/dictionnaires/francais/Civisme%20, cited in UNESCO Dakar (2013a).

  5. 5.

    Modules include: (1) Culture of peace, conflict prevention and management; (2) Human rights; (3) Civic-awareness and citizenship; (4) Democracy and good governance; (5) Gender, prospect for peace and development; (6) Public health, environment and sustainable development; (7) Regional integration; and (8) Values, physical education and sport (module 8 is available only online in French).

  6. 6.

    Available at: http://educationalapaix-ao.org.

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Yonemura, A. (2018). Teaching About Migrants and Refugees of West African Countries: UNESCO’s Experience and Recommendations for Educationists and Educators. In: Kury, H., Redo, S. (eds) Refugees and Migrants in Law and Policy. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72159-0_11

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  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-72159-0_11

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