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Demography, Migration, and the European Welfare State

  • Walter Baar
Chapter

Abstract

Migration exists since there are people on Earth. Ever since, a part of those people not satisfied with their opportunities or who had to flee from war or persecution tried to find a better life somewhere else, if the circumstances allowed it. Today, global migration has reached a dimension that was considered unimaginable just a few years ago. The following chapter provides a picture of the role played by global population development and the current and future proportions of the world’s societies. Particular attention is paid to the welfare state of European character in the context of global migration movements.

The modern welfare state, one of the greatest achievements of the post-war twentieth century, finds itself on the crossroads. Falling birth rates and aging societies undercut the welfare state’s equilibrium. On the one hand, ever-larger sections of society have to be supported by the state; on the other hand, the pressure on the smaller working class is rising. Can immigration be the solution for Europe’s shrinking and aging societies and the European welfare state, or will it bring it to an end?

Keywords

Demography Migration Europe Welfare state Education 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Walter Baar
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute for Trends ResearchViennaAustria

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