Nail Variations Related to Gender

  • Robert Baran
  • Doug Schoon


Except for the anatomy of the nail apparatus, some differences exist among physiological features taking into account nail growth, nail shaping, nail lipid content etc…

The decoration of the nail is usually the privilege of the women who use nail polish which sometimes causes adverse reactions, as do sculptured nails, premixed acrylic gels, UV LED technology, “DIP” nails, “Press-on” nail, Art coatings and temporary press-on artificial nails.

A variant of the “worn-down nail syndrome” is described as “the bidet nail”. Nail disorders associated with menstruation, can also be related to the contraceptive pill and to pregnancy.

Unfortunately, women pay a heavy toll in daily chores!


Nail physiology Nail decoration Worn-down nail syndrome 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Baran
    • 1
    • 2
  • Doug Schoon
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Nail Disease CenterCannesFrance
  2. 2.Science and TechnologyCreative Nail Design Inc.VistaUSA

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