Hair and Scalp Variation Related to Gender

  • Ferial Fanian
  • Alexandre Guichard


Nowadays, there is an increasing interest for studying the gender differences of various human organ, particularly the skin and its appendices.

By evoking gender hair variations, the first elements which come to mind are hair length, hair beauty, hair style and also the androgenic alopecia, female or male pattern. However, sex steroids have a much more tremendous impact on skin and hair by modulating epidermal and dermal thickness as well as immune system function, skin surface pH, quality of wound healing, sebaceous gland excretions, hair growth and response to treatment, among so many others.

By considering these variations, we could approach more specific to the hair disorders in order to provide more adapted and effective treatments.


Environment Pollution Hair disorders Hair growth Gender identification Gender variations Sex Transgenders 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Laboratoires FILORGA/FILL-MEDParisFrance
  2. 2.Expert in Trichology, Independent ConsultantLyonFrance

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