Nipples: A Sensitive Topic



Nipples are specialized structures through which milk, that is produced in the breast, is delivered to breastfeeding mammals. Both males and females have nipples, however in males nipples are vestigial structures. Since women’s nipples are sexualized, and therefore censored, their important role in breastfeeding is neglected by medical textbooks and relegated to Nursing and Lactation Consultants literature

This chapter aims to familiarise medical practitioners with pathology of the nipple and the various conditions that may cause discomfort during breastfeeding. Effective treatment often involves cooperation between medical practitioners, lactation consultants, and other health professionals.


Dermatologic disease nipple Breast feeding pain Nursing pain breastfeeding interventions Nipple pain Dermatoses of nipple Nipple anatomy vasospasm nipple Milk blebs nipple infection  Latch Candida of nipple 



With gratitude to the ever-generous Dr. Mei Tam for her contribution to the section on contact dermatitis. Her expert advice has helped many of my patients over the years.

And with tremendous gratitude to my brother, Associate Professor David Finkelstein for helping me with everything technical.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of DermatologyHadassah Medical Centre, Hebrew UniversityJerusalemIsrael
  2. 2.Lactation ConsultantNICU Shaarei Zedek Medical CentreJerusalemIsrael
  3. 3.The Israeli Association of Certified Lactation ConsultantsBeerotayimIsrael

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