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Oryza latifolia Desv

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The Wild Oryza Genomes

Part of the book series: Compendium of Plant Genomes ((CPG))

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Abstract

Oryza latifolia Desv is an aquatic plant belonging to the Officinalis complex of Oryza. It is an allotetraploid species contains a CCDD genome with 2n = 48 chromosomes. It grows widely in aquatic ecosystems of Latin American region. Oryza latifolia is closely related to two other allotetraploid species of the Officinalis complex, namely O. alta and O. grandiglumis. Morphologically and cytologically, these three species resemble each other with few distinct features. However, genomic studies have demonstrated clear distinctions among these three species of the Officinalis complex. Multiple sequence-based phylogenetic studies have revealed that the CD genome of O. latifolia might have originated from a single hybridization event between C genome species (O. officinalis or O. rhizomatis) as maternal parent and an E genome species (O. australiansis) as paternal parent during evolution. O.latifolia possesses important genes/QTLs for yield-enhancing traits, biotic, and biotic stress. Through interspecific hybridization and embryo rescue, synthetic amphidiploids of O. sativa and O. latifolia are successfully developed. Several QTLs for plant height, primary branches per panicles, grains per panicle, biomass, and lodging resistance have been identified from O. latifolia. Monosomic alien addition lines derived from O. latifolia were developed for introgression of beneficial QTLs. Brown planthopper resistance gene Bph12 was identified and introgressed from O. latifolia. Therefore, O. latifolia is an important genetic resource for genetic improvement of domesticated cultivars.

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Correspondence to C. Gireesh .

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Gireesh, C. (2018). Oryza latifolia Desv. In: Mondal, T., Henry, R. (eds) The Wild Oryza Genomes. Compendium of Plant Genomes. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-71997-9_13

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