South Asian Migration in the Gulf: Topics for Economic Investigations
South Asia is the major source of migrants working in the Gulf countries. To study the migration from an economic angle, this chapter looks at the data on the gross domestic product and population of South Asia and the Gulf which demonstrated a striking level of income disparity between the two regions. This chapter also postulates that the migration in the Gulf is unprecedented and existing migration theories are incapable of explaining its complexities. It reveals that labor market issues such as the effect of the South Asian migration on the wages and employment of the native and other groups of migrants are important topics to studied; however, there is a dearth of studies apparently caused by the lack of data. Similarly, data are not readily available for studying the contribution of South Asian migrants in other areas such as consumption, health, and education. The major obstacle for studying migration from an economic angle utilizing advanced statistical techniques is the unavailability of data, which the future researcher should extensively address.
KeywordsSouth Asia Gulf Gross domestic product (GDP) Population Determinants of migration Consumption Health Education Labor market Econometric analysis
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