Chokepoints of the Western Indian Ocean, China’s Maritime Silk Route, and the Future of Regional Security
The announcement of the “New Maritime Silk Road” in conjunction with China’s “One Belt, One Road” initiative to support China’s growing economy and burgeoning embrace of its maritime economy marked a significant geopolitical shift for China beginning in 2013. This chapter examines the prominence of avenue and arena through an analysis of the Maritime Silk Road Initiative and how it aligns with a larger Chinese maritime strategy to expand China’s maritime presence in the western Indian Ocean and Arabian/Persian Gulf for economic, political, and security reasons. It also looks at how China might soon be well-positioned to act as an additional stabilizing force for Arabian/Persian Gulf and Arabian Sea security.
The views expressed here are those of the author alone and do not represent official policy or the views of the National Defense University, the Department of Defense, and the US Government.