Arctic Fisheries Management in the Twenty-First Century
The Arctic Ocean continues to warm, and sea ice retreat means that previously frozen, unexplored areas of the Central Arctic are now navigable and accessible. While commercial fishermen have trawled Arctic waters for decades, they have never had access to the 1.1 million square zone in the Central Arctic. Though a regulatory regime composed of international law, national regulations, and regional frameworks currently governs Arctic fisheries, many gaps and shortcomings preclude full coverage of the Arctic Ocean, including a lack of compliance and enforcement mechanisms. The time is ripe to assess the Arctic’s marine ecosystem and harmonize Arctic fisheries laws and regulations to promote sustainable commercial fishing in the future.