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Film Funding Law in the European Union: Discussing the Rationale and Reviewing the Practice

  • Delia Ferri
Chapter
Part of the Media Business and Innovation book series (MEDIA)

Abstract

European States have well-rooted promotional legislation and funding tools within the audiovisual sector. The latter take on various forms: direct grants, tax rebates, screen quotas, licencing restrictions or soft loans. Each of these tools or mechanisms for promoting and funding audiovisual projects is considered to fall within the scope of the European Union (EU)’s State aid rules. Building on existing scholarship, this chapter explores the implementation of these EU State aid rules and discusses the European Commission’s approach to Member States’ support schemes aimed to sustain film production and post-production activities. It attempts to highlight trends and patterns in film funding within the EU and investigates to what extent EU State policy has contributed to the flowering of cultural diversity in the film sector. The chapter argues that the EU’s State aid control has become a highly politicized field and the Commission’s reasoning is vested of clear cultural policy objectives.

Keywords

2013 Cinema Communication Cultural aid Cultural diversity De minimis regulation Digitalization Direct grants European Commission General Block Exemption Regulation (GBER) Industrial aid derogation Legality principle Post-production State aid rules Tax incentive and tax relief schemes Territorialization clauses TFEU—Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Maynooth UniversityMaynoothIreland

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