Brain Death Evaluation and Determination

  • Anupamaa Seshadri
  • Ali Salim


Brain death is a critical concept for surgical intensivists to be aware of, and the diagnosis of brain death has been controversial over time. This chapter outlines the basic diagnosis of brain death as described by the American Academy of Neurology guidelines. This includes the cardinal findings of brain death, as well as confirmatory tests that can be used as ancillary evidence of brain death. It also covers pitfalls in diagnosis and strategies for these clinical scenarios. Finally, this chapter delineates the appropriate documentation for brain death.


Brain death Apnea test Neurologic exam 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA
  2. 2.Division of Trauma, Burn, Surgical Critical Care and Emergency General Surgery, Brigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA

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