Other Electrolyte Abnormalities

  • Galinos Barmparas
  • George Paul Liao


Electrolyte derangements affecting magnesium, calcium, and phosphorus are common in the surgical ICU and may lead to life-threatening conditions. Measurements can be affected by multiple factors including drugs, volume status, renal function, and even the presence of other electrolyte abnormalities. Although routine replacements to achieve normal values are a common practice, their effect on outcomes remains debatable. In addition, whether these electrolyte abnormalities themselves lead to worse outcomes or they comprise a marker for the degree of illness is also controversial. In this chapter, we provide a clinically relevant review of these electrolyte abnormalities with the goal to provide the clinician with useful information that can be utilized in the daily management of the critically ill surgical patient.


Hypomagnesemia Hypermagnesemia Hypocalcemia Hypercalcemia Hypophosphatemia Hyperphosphatemia 


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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Surgery, Division of Acute Care Surgery and Surgical Critical CareCedars-Sinai Medical CenterLos AngelesUSA

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