Fungal, Viral, and Other Oddball Infections and the Immunosuppressed Patient

Chapter

Abstract

Infections with fungal and viral pathogens in the surgical intensive care unit (ICU) are not uncommon. Often, however, diagnosis tends to be either delayed or superimposed on bacterial infections. In some scenarios, definitive diagnosis can be challenging and a high index of suspicion is warranted to promptly manage critically ill patients. This approach is critical especially in immunosuppressed patients given their relative vulnerability to a multitude of infectious processes. Although rare, oddball infections with rare viruses and fungi can significantly affect the clinical course and recovery of patients if timely diagnosis is delayed. This chapter highlights important fungal, viral, and rare infections in the context of critically ill and high-risk patients, including the immunosuppressed patients, in the surgical ICU.

Keywords

Immunosuppression Fungal infections Viral infections ICU Immunosuppressed patients 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sameer A. Hirji
    • 1
  • Sharven Taghavi
    • 1
  • Reza Askari
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryBrigham and Women’s Hospital, Harvard Medical SchoolBostonUSA
  2. 2.Trauma, Burn, and Surgical Critical CareBrigham and Women’s HospitalBostonUSA

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