Intra-abdominal Hypertension and Abdominal Compartment Syndrome

  • Javid Sadjadi
  • Gregory P. Victorino


Interest in intra-abdominal hypertension and abdominal compartment syndrome has intensified in recent years as the recognition of this condition has increased, thereby providing a potential therapeutic target to improve outcomes for critically ill patients [22]. According to a recent systematic review, the incidence of abdominal compartment syndrome varies between 0.5% and 36.4% of trauma patients, mortality is nearly universal if untreated, and for treated patients, overall survival is improved across all study cohorts, though survival rates range widely, from 25% to 75%.


Intra-abdominal hypertension Compartment syndrome Intra-abdominal pressure Decompressive laparotomy 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of SurgeryUniversity of California San Francisco East BayOaklandUSA

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