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Knowledge Bases and Relatedness: A Study of Labour Mobility in Norwegian Regions

  • Rune Dahl FitjarEmail author
  • Bram Timmermans
Chapter

Abstract

Two ideas have emerged as central in evolutionary economic geography in recent years: First, innovation is often the result of meetings between related ideas, and regions are therefore best served by hosting a variety of related industries. Second, innovation often comes from the combination of different knowledge bases. However, there have been few attempts at linking these approaches in empirical studies. This paper connects the dots by examining relatedness among industries with similar and different knowledge bases in specific regional contexts. We focus on regions expected to have different types of innovation systems, from the organisationally thick and diversified RIS of large cities through the more specialised RIS in intermediate cities to the organisationally thin RIS found in small rural regions. The analysis finds that industries with different knowledge bases are related in various regional settings, with combinatorial knowledge base industries having a central role in many regions. However, there are also cases of potential lock-in, where relatedness is mainly found among regions with the same knowledge base.

Keywords

Relatedness Knowledge bases Regional systems of innovation Labour mobility 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The research for this paper was funded by the Research Council of Norway, project no. 209761. Data from the Norwegian employment and educational registers were provided by Statistics Norway. An earlier version of the paper was presented at the 2016 Regional Innovation Policies Conference in Cardiff. We would like to thank participants at this session, as well as an anonymous reviewer and the editors of this book, for helpful suggestions in finalising the paper.

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.University of StavangerStavangerNorway
  2. 2.Norwegian School of EconomicsBergenNorway

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