The Reverse Logistics of Unsold Medications in Pharmacies in Campania, Italy

  • Rosekelly Araújo Costa
  • Teresa Pereira
  • Isabel Cristina Lopes
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 223)


This paper is a study in Reverse Logistics (RL) that aims to analyse the reverse flow of medications with expired dates, in the pharmacies of the Campania region in Italy. The main objective is to analyse the final destination of medications that are not sold and are collected in pharmacies. The analysis of how the company responsible for the collection of the medications works was made using semi-structured interviews, and a subsequent factor analysis of the collected data. The pharmacies of the main cities of this region were investigated, in order to understand their importance in this process, as well as to understand their main difficulties and challenges. A statistical analysis of the data allowed us to verify how pharmacies are accustomed to the current legislation and are aware of the importance of their role in the RL of the medications that are not sold due to expired date. It was observed that pharmacies are very satisfied with the company responsible for the collection and referral of medications and their materials to an adequate final destination. Both of them work in tune, respond well to current legislation and respect the environment.


Reverse logistics Expired date medications Pharmacies Region of campania - Italy Factor analysis 



We acknowledge the financial support of CIDEM, R&D unit funded by the FCT-Portuguese Foundation for the Development of Science and Technology, Ministry of Science, Technology and Higher Education, under the Project UID/EMS/0615/2016.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Rosekelly Araújo Costa
    • 1
  • Teresa Pereira
    • 2
  • Isabel Cristina Lopes
    • 3
  1. 1.ISCAP - Accounting and Business School, Polytechnic of PortoPortoPortugal
  2. 2.ISEP - School of Engineering, and CIDEM - Centro de Investigação e Desenvolvimento em Engenharia Mecânica, Polytechnic of PortoPortoPortugal
  3. 3.LEMA - Mathematical Engineering Lab, and CEOS.PP, ISCAP - Accounting and Business School, Polytechnic of PortoPortoPortugal

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