Design and Planning of Sustainable Supply Chains: The Case Study of a Tissue Paper Business

  • Bruno van Zeller
  • Bruna Mota
  • Ana Barbosa Póvoa
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Mathematics & Statistics book series (PROMS, volume 223)


While planning to expand its tissue paper business, a Portuguese company aims to explore options regarding the design and planning of its supply chain accounting not only for economic objectives but also environmental and social concerns (the three pillars of sustainability). A multi-objective mixed integer linear programming model (MOMILP) is developed and applied to the company supply chain focusing on the supply of tissue paper to the United Kingdom market. Decisions to be taken include the network structure, entity location and capacity definition, transportation network definition, production and storage levels, and material flow planning. Additionally, it is important to decide whether or not to postpone the conversion to the final product to a location closer to the clients. The augmented epsilon-constraint method is applied to study the trade-off between the three pillars of sustainability and important managerial insights are derived from this study.


Supply chain Design and planning Sustainability Supply chain modelling Optimization Postponement 



The authors acknowledge the Portuguese National Science Foundation (FCT) for Project PTDC/AGR-FOR/2178/2014.


  1. 1.
    J. Elkington, Cannibals with Forks. The Triple Bottom Line of 21st Century, (1997), p. 73Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    I.L.C.D. Handbook, Recommendations for Life Cycle Impact Assessment in the European Context (Publications Office of the European Union, Luxemburg, 2011)Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    B. Mota, M.I. Gomes, A. Carvalho, A.P. Barbosa-Povoa, Towards supply chain sustainability: economic, environmental and social design and planning. J. Clean. Prod. 105, 14–27 (2015)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    B. Ness, E. Urbel-Piirsalu, S. Anderberg, L. Olsson, Categorising tools for sustainability assessment. Ecol. Econ. 60(3), 498–508 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    S. Seuring, A review of modeling approaches for sustainable supply chain management. Decis. Support Syst. 54(4), 1513–1520 (2013)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Z. Wu, M. Pagell, Balancing priorities: decision-making in sustainable supply chain management. J. Oper. Manag. 29(6), 577–590 (2011)CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Bruno van Zeller
    • 1
  • Bruna Mota
    • 1
  • Ana Barbosa Póvoa
    • 1
  1. 1.CEG-ISTUniversity of LisbonLisboaPortugal

Personalised recommendations