Abia State of Nigeria ASN. 2005. Abia State Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy. Abia State Government Publication. http://web.ng.undp.org/documents/SEEDS/Abia_State.pdf/. Accessed 14 June 2014
Adama, O., and T.C. Nzeadibe. 2017. Dealing with Waste: Resource Recovery and Entrepreneurship in Informal Solid Waste Management in African Cities. Trenton: Africa World Press.
Ahmed, S.A., and M. Ali. 2004. Partnerships for Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries: Linking Theories to Realities. Habitat International 28 (3): 467–479.
Bender, C. 2010. Informal Employment: Making a Living in Calgary. Final Report Calgary Homeless Foundation, Calgary, Canada. http://www.calgaryhomeless.com/users/folderdata/%7B5517DB85-3E01-4E58-B023-012D3EF6590A%7D/PanhandlingReport_SubmittedToCHF_Sept21_2010.pdf. Web Accessed 3 Aug 2011.
Boström, M. 2012. A Missing Pillar? Challenges in Theorizing and Practicing Social Sustainability: Introduction to the Special Issue. Sustainability: Science, Practice, & Policy 8 (1): 3–14.
Brata, A.G. 2010. Vulnerability of Urban Informal Sector: Street Vendors in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management 5 (14): 47–58.
Dabir-Alai, P. 2004. The Economics of Street Vending: An Empirical Framework for Measuring Vulnerability in Delhi in the Late 1990s. Paper Presented at the EDGI and UNU-WIDER Conference, Unlocking Human Potential: Linking Informal and Formal Sectors, Helsinki, Finland, 17–18 September 2004.
Dias, S. 2012. Waste and Development–Perspectives from the Ground, Field Actions Science Reports, no. 6. pp. 1–6. http://factsreports.revues.org/1615. Accessed 6 Aug 2012.
Didero, M. 2012. Cairo’s Informal Waste Collectors: A Multi-scale and Conflict Sensitive Perspective on Sustainable Livelihoods. Erdkunde 66 (1): 27–44.
Downs, M., and M. Medina. 2000. A Short History of Scavenging. Comparative Civilizations Review 42: 23–45.
East—Central State of Nigeria: Statistical Digest 1970. 1972. Official document No. 8, ECS, Enugu.
Ezeibe, C.C., T.C. Nzeadibe, A.N. Ali, C.U. Udeogu, C.F. Nwankwo, and C. Ogbodo. 2017. Work on Wheels: A Political Economy of Collective Organising in the Motorcycle Taxi Subsystem of Nigerian Cities. International Development Planning Review 39 (3): 249–273. https://doi.org/10.3828/idpr.2017.10.
Fahmi, W.S., and K. Sutton. 2006. Cairo’s Zabaleen Garbage Recyclers: Multi-nationals’ Takeover and State Relocation Plans. Habitat International 30 (4): 809–837.
Federal Republic of Nigeria Federal Republic of Nigeria Official Gazette 96, no. 2 2009. Abuja: Federal Government Printer.
Fernando, N. 2003. A Measure of Urban Livelihood Vulnerability: The Case of Colombo. Paper Submitted for the 9th International conference on Sri Lanka Studies, Matara, Sri Lanka, 28th–30th November 2003
———. 2011. Identifying the Urban Poor and Investigating Local Level Poverty Dynamics Through CBMS: A Case of Colombo. Proceedings of the 2005 CBMS Network Meeting, 2005. 689–714. http://www.pep-net.org/fileadmin/medias/pdf/files_events/4th_colombo/proceed/fernando.pdf. Accessed 26 Feb 2011
Fredericks, R. 2014. Vital Infrastructures of Trash in Dakar. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 34 (3): 532–548. https://doi.org/10.1215/1089201X-2826085.
Gerometta, J., H. Häussermann, and G. Longo. 2005. Social Innovation and Civil Society in Urban Governance: Strategies for an Inclusive City. Urban Studies 42 (11): 2007–2021.
Gutberlet, J. 2010. Waste, Poverty and Recycling. Waste Management 30 (2): 171–173.
Gutberlet, J., C. Tremblay, E. Taylor, and N. Divakarannair. 2009. Who Are Our Informal Recyclers? An Inquiry to Uncover Crisis and Potential in Victoria, Canada. Local Environment 14 (8): 733–747.
International Monetary Fund. 2007. Nigeria: Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper—Progress Report, IMF Country Report No. 07/270. http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/scr/2007/cr07270.pdf. Accessed 8 Sept 2013
Kale, Y. 2014. Measuring Better: Rebasing/Re-benchmarking of Nigeria’s Gross Domestic Product. Presentation at the Lagos Business School Breakfast Meeting Lagos, 7 May.
Lieberherr-Gardiol, F. 1996. Waste, Waste Nothing but Waste – From 12th–19th Century Paris to 20th Century Developing Countries. In Micro and Small Enterprises Involvement in Municipal Solid Waste Management in Developing Countries, Workshop Report, UMP/SDC Collaborative Programme on Municipal Solid Waste Management in Low-income Countries, 14–18 October, Cairo, Egypt. pp. 42–47.
Lindell, I. 2010. Introduction: The Changing Politics of Informality – Collective Organising, Alliances and Scales of Engagement. In Africa’s Informal Workers: Collective Agency, Alliances and Transnational Organising in Urban Africa, ed. I. Lindell, 1–30. London/Uppsala: Zed Books and the Nordic Africa Institute.
Mayhew, H. 1862. London Labour and the London Poor. London: Griffin, Bohn, and Company.
Meagher, K. 2010. Identity Economics: Social Networks and the Informal Economy in Nigeria. New York: James Currey.
———. 2013. Unlocking the Informal Economy: A Literature Review on Linkages Between Formal and Informal Economies in Developing Countries, WIEGO Working Paper No 27. Cambridge, MA: Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO).
Medina, M. 2007. The World’s Scavengers: Salvaging for Sustainable Consumption and Production. Lanham: AltaMira Press.
Melosi, M. 1981. Garbage in the Cities: Refuse Reform and the Environment: 1880 – 1980. Texas: Texas A&M Press.
Moulaert, F., F. Martinelli, E. Swyngedouw, and S. Gonzalez. 2005. Towards Alternative Model(s) of Local Innovation. Urban Studies 42 (11): 1969–1990.
National Bureau of Statistics. 2014. Rebasing of National Accounts Statistics: Methodology Notes on Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Rebasing Exercise. April 2014. Abuja: National Bureau of Statistics. nigerianstat.gov.ng/pages/download/198. Accessed 02 June 2014.
National Planning Commission. 2004. Meeting Everyone’s Needs: National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy. Abuja: NPC.
———. 2007. National Economic Empowerment and Development Strategy-NEEDS2. Abuja: NPC.
National Population Commission. 1991. Nigeria Population Census 1991. Abuja: NPC.
New Economics Foundation. 2012. Measuring Wellbeing: A Guide for Practitioners. London: New Economics Foundation (NEF).
New York Times. 1869. Our Rag pickers, How and Where they Live – the Fag End of the Dry Goods Business. November 21, 1869 Archives of the New York Times. Cited in Shrimati Nathibai Damodar Thackersey (SNDT) Womens’ University and Chintan Environmental Research and Action Group (2010). Recycling Livelihoods: Integration of the Informal Recycling Sector in Solid Waste Management in India. Project Report, GTZ, Eschborn.
Nwafor, J.C. 2002. Manufacturing Industries. In A Survey of the Igbo Nation, ed. G.E.K. Ofomata, 525–542. Onitsha: Africana First Publishers.
Nwosu, B.U., T.C. Nzeadibe, and P.O. Mbah. 2016. Waste and Wellbeing: A Political Economy of Informal Waste Management and Public Policy in Urban West Africa. Review of African Political Economy 43 (149): 478–488. https://doi.org/10.1080/03056244.2015.1084914.
Nzeadibe, T.C. 2009. Solid Waste Reforms and Informal Recycling in Enugu Urban Area, Nigeria. Habitat International 33 (1): 93–99. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.habitatint.2008.05.006.
———. 2013. Informal Waste Management in Africa: Perspectives and Lessons from Nigerian Garbage Geographies. Geography Compass 7 (10): 729–744. https://doi.org/10.1111/gec3.12072.
———. 2015. Moving Up the Hierarchy: Involving the Informal Sector to Increase Recycling Rates in Nigerian Cities. In Future Directions of Solid Waste Management in Africa, ed. R. Mohee and T. Simelane, 70–87. Pretoria: Africa Institute of South Africa.
Nzeadibe, T.C., and C.K. Ajaero. 2011. Development Impact of Advocacy Initiatives in Solid Waste Management in Nigeria. Environment, Development and Sustainability 13 (1): 163–177.
Nzeadibe, T.C., and R.N.C. Anyadike. 2010. Solid Waste Governance Innovations: An Appraisal of Recent Developments in the Informal Sector Niche in Urban Nigeria. Geography Compass 4 (9): 1284–1296.
———. 2012. Social Participation in City Governance and Urban Livelihoods: Constraints to the Informal Recycling Economy in Aba, Nigeria. City, Culture and Society 3 (4): 313–325.
Nzeadibe, T.C., and P.O. Mbah. 2015. Beyond Urban Vulnerability: Interrogating the Social Sustainability of a Livelihood in the in the Informal Economy of Nigerian Cities. Review of African Political Economy 42 (144): 279–298.
Nzeadibe, T.C., R.N.C. Anyadike, and R.F. Njoku-Tony. 2012. A Mixed Methods Approach to Vulnerability and Quality of Life Assessment of Waste Picking in Urban Nigeria. Applied Research in Quality of Life 7 (4): 351–370.
O’Riordan, T. 2013. Sustainability for Wellbeing. Environmental Innovation and Societal Transitions 6: 96–115.
Okorafor, A.E. 1975. Population Distribution, 1963. In Nigeria in Maps: Eastern States, ed. G.E.K. Ofomata, 52–54. Benin City: Ethiope Publishers.
Okoye, T.O. 1975. The Modern Phase of Urbanization. In Nigeria in Maps: Eastern State, ed. G.E.K. Ofomata, 76–78. Benin City: Ethiope Publishers.
———. 2002. Urban Life and Urban Development in Igboland. In A Survey of the Igbo Nation, ed. G.E.K. Ofomata, 178–194. Onitsha: Africana First Publishers.
Perry, S.E. 1978. San Francisco Scavengers: Dirty Work and the Pride of Ownership. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Porter, M.E. 2015. Marginal Recycling: Place and Informal Recycling in St. John’s, Newfoundland. Local Environment 20 (2): 149–164.
Rouse, J.R., and S.M. Ali. 2001. Waste Pickers in Dhaka: Using the Sustainable Livelihoods Approach – Key Findings and Field Notes. WEDC: Loughborough.
Samson, M. 2009. Refusing to be Cast Aside: Waste Pickers Organizing around the World. Cambridge, MA: Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO).
———. 2010. Reclaiming Reusable and Recyclable Materials in Africa: A Critical Review of English Language Literature, WIEGO Working Paper (Urban Policies) No 16. Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO), Cambridge, MA. http://wiego.org/sites/wiego.org/files/publications/files/Samson_WIEGO_WP16.pdf. Accessed 26 Oct 2012.
Sarkar, P. 2003. Solid Waste Management in Delhi – A Social Vulnerability Study. In Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Environment and Health, Chennai, India. ed. J. Martin, M.J. Bunch, V.M. Suresh and T.V. Kumaran, 451–464. Department of Geography, University of Madras and Faculty of Environmental Studies, York University. 15–17 December, 2003.
Schenck, Catherina J., Nik Theodore, Phillip F. Blaauw, Elizabeth C. Swart, and Jacoba M.M. Viljoen. 2017. The N2 Scrap Collectors: Assessing the Viability of Informal Recycling Using the Sustainable Livelihoods framework. Community Development Journal. https://doi.org/10.1093/cdj/bsx018.
Schütte, S. 2006. Poor, Poorer, Poorest: Urban Livelihoods and Vulnerability in Mazar-i-Sharif. Kabul: Case Study Series, Afghanistan Research and Evaluation Unit (AREU).
Strasser, S. 2000. Waste and Want: A Social History of Trash. New York: Owl Books/Henry Holt.
Uchegbu, S.N. 2009. Effective Planning and Management as Critical Factors in Urban Water Supply and Management in Umuahia and Aba, Abia State, Nigeria. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth 34: 23–27.
UN-HABITAT. 2002. The Global Campaign on Urban Governance: Concept Paper. Nairobi: UNCHS.
Velis, C.A., D.C. Wilson, and C.R. Cheeseman. 2009. 19th Century London Dust-yards: A Case Study in Closed-loop Resource Efficiency. Waste Management 29: 1282–1290.
Watson, V. 2011. Inclusive Urban Planning for the Working Poor: Planning Education Trends and Potential Shifts, Urban Policies Research Report No. 11. Women in Informal Employment Globalising and Organising (WIEGO). http://www.inclusivecities.org/research/RR11_Watson.pdf. Accessed 26 Jan 2012.
Wilson, D.C. 2007. Development Drivers for Waste Management. Waste Management and Research. 25 (3): 198–207.
Wilson, D.C., C. Velis, and C. Cheeseman. 2006. Role of Informal Sector Recycling in Waste Management in Developing Countries. Habitat International 30 (4): 797–808.