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Electrocatalysts for the Oxidation of Small Organic Molecules in Alkaline Media

  • John L. HaanEmail author
  • Omar Muneeb
  • Jose Estrada
Chapter
Part of the Lecture Notes in Energy book series (LNEN, volume 63)

Abstract

The development of the first practical alkaline anion exchange membrane approximately 10 years ago opened up direct liquid fuel cell research to alkaline media, allowing the use of a wider variety of less noble metal catalysts due to the decreased (or eliminated) corrosion compared to acid media. While Pt-based catalysts are used in many acid fuel cells, Pd has been found to efficiently oxidize various small organic molecules in alkaline media. Much recent progress has been made in the addition of various non-noble admetals and supports in order to improve the oxidation rates of important molecules such as: formate, ethanol, propanol, ethylene glycol, propylene glycol, and glycerol. Evidence of significant contributions from the electronic effect and bifunctional effect on catalyst efficiency will be explored, and practical comparisons of each molecule will be made.

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© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.California State UniversityFullertonUSA

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