Nanoplastic Impact on Human Health—A 3D Intestinal Model to Study the Interaction with Nanoplastic Particles
Much attention has been paid in recent years to the fate of microplastics in the environment. Several studies have shown that microplastics can be taken up by a variety of organisms (e.g., fish, mussels, zooplankton, sea urchin, birds) and thus can cause adverse effects such as death due to ingestion and entanglement, as well as pro-inflammatory responses.
- 4.Koelmans, A.A., Besseling, E., Shim, W.J.: Nanoplastics in the Aquatic Environment. Critical Review. Marine Anthropogenic Litter, pp. 325–40. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015). doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-16510-3_12
- 7.NJDEP: Human Health Impacts of Microplastics and Nanoplastics, pp. 1––23. (2016)Google Scholar
- 9.Walczak, A.P., Kramer, E., Hendriksen, P.J.M., Tromp, P., Helsper, J.P.F.G., van der Zande, M., et al.: Translocation of differently sized and charged polystyrene nanoparticles in in vitro intestinal cell models of increasing complexity. Nanotoxicology 9, 453–461 (2015). https://doi.org/10.3109/17435390.2014.944599 CrossRefGoogle Scholar