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Headache and Migraine

  • Tiah Dowell
  • Paul R. Martin
  • Allison M. Waters
Chapter
Part of the Autism and Child Psychopathology Series book series (ACPS)

Abstract

Headaches are the most common manifestation of pain in childhood and adolescence, with estimates indicating that as many as 75% of young people will have experienced a significant headache by the age of 15 years. Headache disorders have the potential to have a negative impact on the lives of children, spanning across their physical, academic, and social functioning and at times causing severe disability. This chapter reviews the current headache classification system, the course of headache disorders in children, theories about mechanisms, and genetic and environmental factors. A functional model of primary headaches is introduced to guide psychological assessment and treatment of primary headache disorders. Treatment methods including pharmacological treatment, biofeedback training, and relaxation training are reviewed.

Keywords

Headache disorder Migraine Children Adolescents Psychological assessment Pharmacological treatment Psychological treatment 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tiah Dowell
    • 1
  • Paul R. Martin
    • 1
  • Allison M. Waters
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Applied Psychology, Griffith UniversityMt GravattAustralia

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