Cutaneous and Anogenital Warts

  • Francesco Lacarrubba
  • Anna Elisa Verzì
  • Enrica Quattrocchi
  • Giuseppe Micali


Warts are cutaneous and mucosal proliferations caused by human papilloma virus infection. Common cutaneous warts are characterized by the presence of irregular whitish structures, associated with irregularly distributed, hemorrhagic reddish to black dots. Papular anogenital warts show a whitish network circumscribing areas centered by dilated glomerular or dotted vessels. Exophytic cutaneous and anogenital warts reveal multiple papillomatous fingers-like projections containing elongated and dilated vessels that are surrounded by whitish halos. Palmoplantar warts show verrucous, yellowish structureless areas with multiple irregularly distributed red to brown to black dots or linear streaks associated with interrupted skin lines. Flat warts reveal regularly distributed, tiny red dots on a light brown to yellow background.


Cutaneous warts Verrucae vulgaris Verrucae planae Anogenital warts Condylomata acuminate Cauliflower-like warts Viral infection Human papilloma virus Mosaic pattern, red dots 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Francesco Lacarrubba
    • 1
  • Anna Elisa Verzì
    • 1
  • Enrica Quattrocchi
    • 1
  • Giuseppe Micali
    • 1
  1. 1.Dermatology ClinicUniversity of CataniaCataniaItaly

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