Early Colonial Site in Connecticut

Chapter
Part of the SpringerBriefs in Geography book series (BRIEFSGEOGRAPHY)

Abstract

An early colonial farmstead in Connecticut was constructed in an area of rich farmland, surrounded on the north and south by rocky and swampy ground. The environmental features of this area were identified in some small excavations, and also by a comparison and correlation to GPR reflection profiles and magnetic readings across a large buried landscape. The individual geological units that allowed for a regional environmental landscape analysis could be defined in the GPR profiles with direct comparison to magnetic readings. The colonists built four houses with distinct cellars in one cluster of the study area, which are readily defined with GPR as incisions into the ground filled with sand and silt. To the south and north of the settlement was an environment that was less conducive for farming and Native American houses were discovered there using the GPR amplitude maps and reflection profiles. One of those native houses had been burned, and was readily interpreted using the magnetic maps superimposed on the GPR maps. It appears that from the geophysical mapping and some excavations that native people and colonists from England lived in close proximity to each other, but preferred different areas of the landscape for their houses, perhaps because of the resources they hunted, gathered or farmed.

References

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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of AnthropologyUniversity of DenverDenverUSA

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