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The Black Sea pp 115-124 | Cite as

Black Sea Coastal Population

  • Emil Vespremeanu
  • Mariana Golumbeanu
Chapter
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Abstract

The states bordering the Black Sea are Romania, Ukraine, Russian Federation, Georgia, Turkey and Bulgaria. The Black Sea regions have a permanent population of roughly 17.5 million inhabitants, to which are added 6–8 million tourists per year. This population is very unevenly distributed in the riparian states. The Black Sea catchment area has registered a total number of 63 harbors, as follows: Romania: 18 harbors (including rivers), Ukraine: 18, Bulgaria: 2, Moldova: 1, Turkey: 24 (Black and Marmara Sea) (Golumbeanu and Nicolaev in Study on integrated coastal zone management. Ex Ponto Publishing House Constanta, 2015). The important harbors on the Black Sea coast are: Constanta and Sulina (Romania), Odessa, Mariupol (Ukraine), Tuapse, Poti and Batumi (Georgia), Samsun and Istanbul (Turkey), Burgas and Varna (Bulgaria). In general tourism along the Black Sea coastal zones is rather well developed in Bulgaria, Romania and Ukraine. Besides Istanbul, Odessa and Varna are the largest cities within the Black Sea region, with a high capacity to attract tourists.

Keywords

Riparian countries Shipping routes Harbors Tourism 

References

  1. BSC (2013) Annual report of the Black Sea Commission Advisory Group on Development of Common Methodology for Integrated Coastal Zone Management (ICZM AG). Publications of the Commission on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (BSC), Istanbul, TurkeyGoogle Scholar
  2. Golumbeanu M, Nicolaev S (eds) (2015) Study on integrated coastal zone management. Ex Ponto Publishing House Constanta. Orginal English version, ISBN 978-606-598-397-7, 454 pGoogle Scholar
  3. Lanza A, Markandya A, Pigliaru F (eds) (2005) The economics of tourism and sustainable development. Edward Elgar, Cheltenham, UK, Northampton, MA. http://www.worldportsource.com/waterways/Black_Sea

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of GeographyUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.The National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”ConstantaRomania

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