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Environmental Protection Issues

Chapter
Part of the Springer Geography book series (SPRINGERGEOGR)

Abstract

The activities of population bordering the Black Sea induce a huge anthropogenic pressure. Considering the entire surface of the Black Sea catchment area, the pressure is, of course, larger. This pressure is exercised by pollution, eutrophication, overfishing, endangerment of rare species, loss of biodiversity, introduction of new species, alteration of structure and operation of wetlands surrounding the sea, shores degradations, alteration of landscape aesthetic. Most of the coastal ecosystems were subject to significant changes. It is the case of benthonic ecosystem with Phyllophora, called the Zernov’s field, located on the North-Western shelf, now destroyed almost in its entirety. Starting from the observation that the Black Sea condition is continuously worsening by the increase in pollution, nutrients enrichment, microbiologic contamination, introduction of exotic species, improper management of resources, irreversible loss of some habitats and serious peril of some ecosystems, a set of principles for action and political actions have been proposed (in the frame of the Black Sea Commission, EU Directives, cross-border cooperation etc.).

Keywords

Anthropogenic pressures Coastal ecosystem Protected areas Vulnerable ecosystem 

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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of GeographyUniversity of BucharestBucharestRomania
  2. 2.The National Institute for Marine Research and Development “Grigore Antipa”ConstantaRomania

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