International Cooperation in the Black Sea Basin
Strategically placed between the European Union, candidate countries and neighbours, the Black Sea region constitutes an axis of increasing geopolitical importance for Europe. With its vast marine, energy and other natural resources, unique ecosystems and diverse interests ranging from shipping to tourism and fisheries to oil pipelines, nowhere is regional cooperation busier or more diverse. The governments of Black Sea countries are signatory parties to several international treaties relating to regional environmental cooperation. The significant role of the national governments in integrated approach of coastal zone should be realized through cooperation and partnership with other governments, the business sector and local communities (Golumbeanu and Nicolaev in Study on integrated coastal zone management. Ex Ponto Publishing House Constanta, 2015). Today, the Convention on the Protection of the Black Sea Against Pollution (also referred to as Bucharest Convention) is one of the most known European Regional Sea Conventions, establishing the legal ground for combating pollution from land-based sources and maritime transport, achieving sustainable management of marine living resources and pursuing sustainable human development in the Black Sea Region.
KeywordsRegional cooperation Riparian countries International agreements
- Golumbeanu M, Nicolaev S (eds) (2015) Study on integrated coastal zone management. Ex Ponto Publishing House Constanta. Orginal English version, ISBN 978-606-598-397-7, 454 p. www.ec.europa.eu/maritimeaffairs/policy/blue_growth/, www.blacksea-cbc.net, www.bsec-organization.org/, www.icpdr.org/main/