Ternary Blends

  • R. Doug Hooton
  • Semion Zhutovsky
  • Siham Kamali-Bernard
Part of the RILEM State-of-the-Art Reports book series (RILEM State Art Reports, volume 25)


Ternary binders have become used more frequently for several reasons. In some cases, such as combining a rapidly reactive SCM such as silica fume with a more slowly reactive SCM such as fly ash or slag, the use of ternary binders can provide benefits for both early-age and later-age properties and durability of concrete. In other cases, high-alkali pozzolans have been combined with slag to both accelerate the slag hydration and bind the alkalis from the pozzolan. As well, two SCMs may be combined to improve economy of the concrete mixture. This chapter describes properties of various ternary binders.


Ternary cements Synergy Fly ash Slag Silica fume 


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Copyright information

© RILEM 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Doug Hooton
    • 1
  • Semion Zhutovsky
    • 2
  • Siham Kamali-Bernard
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Civil EngineeringUniversity of TorontoTorontoCanada
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringNational Building Research Institute, Technion—Israel Institute of TechnologyHaifaIsrael
  3. 3.INSA de Rennes, GCU/LGCGMRennes CedexFrance

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