The Effects of Soil-Ecological Factors on the Pb Migration in the Soil of Urban Forest Ecosystem
Leadisone of the most dangerous heavy metals for human. The studies of lead migration in the soil as are significantly important to forecast the transfer factors of lead in ecosystems. The paper represents data of lead concentration in dependence of the soil depth and degrees of anthropogenic impact. The research revealed influence of anthropogenic impact and species of arboreal vegetation on Pb migration in the soil profile. The results of lead concentration positively varyin the soil due to anthropogenic impact from 62.2 mg/kg to 139 mg/kg. The effect of arboreal vegetation species results in the high Pb migration down the soil profile in pine and birch sites and preferable accumulation of Pb in the upper humus horizon in the oak sites.
KeywordsHeavymetals Lead (Pb) Soil-ecological parameters Anthropogenic impact
The publication was prepared with the support of the “RUDN University program 5-100”.
- 3.Ciarkowska, K., Gambuś, F.: Micromorphometric characteristics of upper layers of soils contaminated by heavy metals in the vicinity of a zinc and lead ore plant. Polish J. Environ. Stud. 14, 417–421 (2005)Google Scholar
- 4.Dovletyarova, E.A., Mosina, L.V., Petrovskaya, P.A.: Soil and environmental characteristics of the forest experimental station of RSAU of Moscow Agricultural Academy them. Bull. Peoples’ Friendship Univ. Russ. Ser. «Agron. Anim. Ind.» 3, 4–45 (2016). K.A. Timiryazev under plantations under conditions of different anthropogenic loadGoogle Scholar
- 5.Dovletyarova, E.A., Mosina, L.V., Paltseva, A., Morin, T., Petrovskaya, P.A.: Soil-ecological characteristics of the recreational forest ecosystems in Moscow. Bull. Peoples’ Friendship Univ. Russ. Ser. « Agron. Anim. Ind.» 4 (2016)Google Scholar
- 6.Grzybowski, W.: Comparison between stability constants of cadmium and lead complexes with humic substances of different molecular weight isolated from Baltic Sea water. Oceanologia 42, 473–482 (2000)Google Scholar
- 7.Hutton, M.: Human health concerns of lead, mercury, cadmium and arsenic. Lead Mercur. Cadmium Arsen. Environ. 31, 53–68 (1987)Google Scholar
- 9.Kobierski, M., Dąbkowska-Naskręt, H.: Local background concentration of heavy metals in various soil types formed from glacial till of the Inowrocławska Plain. J. Elemntology. 17(4), 559–586 (2012)Google Scholar
- 13.Mosina, L.V., Dovletyarova, E.A., Andriyenko, T.N.: The Forest experimental station of Russian State Agrarian University - Moscow Timiryazev Agricultural Academy as object of environmental monitoring of forest and forest-park landscapes of the megalopolis of Moscow. PFUR, 221 (2014)Google Scholar
- 14.Mosina, L.V., Dovletyarova, E.A., Petrovskaya, P.A.: Microbiological assessment of a condition of forest and forest-park ecosystems. «Agron. Anim. Ind.». Bull. Peoples’ Friendship Univ. Russ. Ser. 4, 42–51 (2015)Google Scholar
- 15.Nicholls, A.M., Mal, T.K.: Effects of lead and copper exposure on growth of an invasive weed Lythrum salicaria L. (Purple Loosestrife). Ohio J. Sci. 103, 129–133 (2003)Google Scholar
- 17.Ross, G.L., Ponirovskaya, Y.: Lead and Human Health : An Update, p. 80. Science (2000)Google Scholar
- 19.Unit Weight: Physical Properties of Soils and Compaction, pp. 1–10 (2000)Google Scholar