Skip to main content

Team Sports

  • 901 Accesses

Abstract

Millions of individuals around the world participate in various types of sport and physical activity as part of their everyday lives including organized team sports. Organized sport encompasses a wide variety of age groups, participation levels, and types of activity. For example, team sports may involve youth to senior athletes, recreational to professional athletes, and activities that involve various durations and intensity levels. As a result of these variations, differences exist regarding ways in which to most optimally enhance performance in the heat while also promoting health and safety. Such differences include population risk factors for performing exercise in the heat, sport-specific and position-specific demands, and practical applications to combat these challenges. Regardless of these individual factors, maximizing both performance and safety should be a priority among all competitors.

Keywords

  • Exercise physiology
  • Exertional heat illness
  • Physical demands
  • Sport recovery
  • Exercise training
  • Global positioning system technology
  • Risk factors
  • Anaerobic exercise
  • Aerobic exercise
  • Intermittent exercise

This is a preview of subscription content, access via your institution.

Buying options

Chapter
USD   29.95
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-70217-9_14
  • Chapter length: 20 pages
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
eBook
USD   119.00
Price excludes VAT (USA)
  • ISBN: 978-3-319-70217-9
  • Instant PDF download
  • Readable on all devices
  • Own it forever
  • Exclusive offer for individuals only
  • Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout
Softcover Book
USD   159.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)
Hardcover Book
USD   219.99
Price excludes VAT (USA)

References

  1. Vallerand RJ, Rosseau FL. Intrinsic and extrinsic motivation in sport and exercise: a review using the hierarchal model of intrinsic and extrinsic motivation. In: Singer RN, Hausenblas HA, Janelle CM, editors. Handbook of sports psychology. New York: Wiley; 2001. p. 389–416.

    Google Scholar 

  2. Stearns RL, O’Connor FG, Casa DJ, Kenny GP. Exertional heat stroke. In: Casa DJ, editor. Preventing sudden death in sport. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning; 2012.

    Google Scholar 

  3. Nedelec M, Halson S, Abaidia AE, Ahmaidi S, Dupont G. Stress, sleep and recovery in elite soccer: a critical review of the literature. Sports Med. 2015;45(10):1387–400.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  4. Fullagar HH, Duffield R, Skorski S, White D, Bloomfield J, Kolling S, Meyer T. Sleep, travel, and recovery responses of national footballers during and after long-haul international air travel. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11(1):86–95.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  5. Pipe AL. International travel and the elite athlete. Clin J Sport Med. 2011;21(1):62–6.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  6. Simmons E, McGrane O, Wedmore I. Jet lag modification. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2015;14(2):123–8.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  7. Samuels CH. Jet lag and travel fatigue: a comprehensive management plan for sport medicine physicians and high-performance support teams. Clin J Sport Med. 2012;22(3):268–73.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  8. Herman D, Macknight JM, Stromwall AE, Mistry DJ. The international athlete—advances in management of jet lag disorder and anti-doping policy. Clin Sports Med. 2011;30(3):641–59.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  9. Fowler PM, McCall A, Jones M, Duffield R. Effects of long-haul transmeridian travel on player preparedness: case study of a national team at the 2014 FIFA World Cup. J Sci Med Sport. 2017;20(4):322–7.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  10. Forbes-Robertson S, Dudley E, Vadgama P, Cook C, Drawer S, Kilduff L. Circadian disruption and remedial interventions: effects and interventions for jet lag for athletic peak performance. Sports Med. 2012;42(3):185–208.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  11. Reilly T, Waterhouse J, Edwards B. Jet lag and air travel: implications for performance. Clin Sports Med. 2005;24(2):367–80, xii.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  12. Reilly T, Edwards B. Altered sleep-wake cycles and physical performance in athletes. Physiol Behav. 2007;90(2–3):274–84.

    CAS  CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  13. Reilly T, Atkinson G, Edwards B, Waterhouse J, Åkerstedt T, Davenne D, et al. Coping with jet-lag: a position statement for the European College of Sport Science. Eur J Sports Sci. 2007;7(1):1–7.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  14. Fowler PM, Duffield R, Lu D, Hickmans JA, Scott TJ. Effects of long-haul transmeridian travel on subjective jet-lag and self-reported sleep and upper respiratory symptoms in professional rugby league players. Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2016;11(7):876–84.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  15. Beck KL, Thomson JS, Swift RJ, von Hurst PR. Role of nutrition in performance enhancement and post-exercise recovery. J Sports Med. 2015;6:259–67.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Jeukendrup A. A step towards personalized sports nutrition: carbohydrate intake during exercise. Sports Med. 2014;44(Suppl 1):S25–33.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  17. Volek JS, Noakes T, Phinney SD. Rethinking fat as a fuel for endurance exercise. Eur J Sports Sci. 2015;15(1):13–20.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  18. Cummins C, Orr R, O’Connor H, West C. Global positioning systems (GPS) and microtechnology sensors in team sports: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2013;43:1025–42.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  19. Dellaserra CL, Gao Y, Ransdell L. Use of integrated technology in team sports: a review of opportunities, challenges, and future directions for athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(2):556–73.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  20. DeMartini JK, Martschinske JL, Casa DJ, Lopez RM, Ganio MS, Walz SM, Coris EE. Physical demands of national collegiate athletic association division I football players during preseason training in the heat. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(11):2935–43.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  21. Black GM, Gabbett TJ, Cole MH, Naughton G. Monitoring workload in throwing-dominant sports: a systematic review. Sports Med. 2016;46(10):1503–16.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  22. Wellman AD, Coad SC, Goulet GC, McLellan CP. Quantification of competitive game demands of NCAA division I collegiate football players using global positioning systems. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(1):11–9.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  23. Jaspers A, Brink MS, Probst SG, Frencken WGP, Helsen WF. Relationships between training load indicators and training outcomes in professional soccer. Sports Med. 2017;47(3):533–44. [2016 Epub ahead of print].

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  24. Gabbet TJ, Whyte DG, Hartwig TB, Wescombe H, Naughton GA. The relationship between workload, physical performance, injury and illness in adolescent male football players. Sports Med. 2014;44:989–1003.

    CrossRef  Google Scholar 

  25. Pincivero DM, Bompa TO. A physiological review of American football. Sports Med. 1997;23(4):247–60.

    CAS  CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  26. Wingo JE. Exercise intensity prescription during heat stress: a brief review. Scand J Med Sci Sports. 2015;25(suppl 1):90–5.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  27. Robbins DW. Positional physical characteristics of players drafted into the National Football League. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(10):2661–7.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  28. Davis JK, Baker LB, Barnes K, Ungaro C, Stofan J. Thermoregulation, fluid balance, and sweat losses in American football players. Sports Med. 2016;46(10):1391–405.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  29. Deren TM, Coris EE, Bain AR, Walz SM, Jay O. Sweating is greater in NCAA football linemen independently of heat production. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2012;44(2):244–52.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  30. Deren TM, Coris EE, Casa DJ, DeMartini JK, Bain AR, Walz SM, Jay O. Maximum heat loss potential is lower in football linemen during an NCAA summer training camp because of lower self-generated air flow. J Strength Cond Res. 2014;28(6):1656–63.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  31. Davis JK, Bishop PA. Impact of clothing on exercise in the heat. Sports Med. 2013;43(8):695–706.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  32. Cooper ER, Ferrara MS, Casa DJ, Powell JW, Broglio SP, Resch JE, Courson RW. Exertional heat illness in American football players: when is the risk greatest? J Athl Train. 2016; [Epub ahead of print].

    Google Scholar 

  33. Yeargin SW, Kerr ZY, Casa DJ, Djoko A, Hayden R, Parsons JT, Dompier TP. Epidemiology of exertional heat illnesses in youth, high school, and college football. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2016;48(8):1523–9.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  34. Grundstein AJ, Ramseyer C, Zhao F, Pesses JL, Akers P, Qureshi A, et al. A retrospective analysis of American football hyperthermia deaths in the United States. Int J Biometeorol. 2012;56(1):11–20.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  35. Casa DJ, Csillan D, Armstrong LE, Baker LB, Bergeron MF, Buchanan VM, et al. Preseason heat-acclimatization guidelines for secondary school athletics. J Athl Train. 2009;44(3):332–3.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  36. Lockie RG, Moreno MR, Lazar A, Orjalo AJ, Giuliano DV, Risso FG, et al. The physical and athletic performance characteristics of division I collegiate female soccer players by position. J Strength Cond Res. 2016; [Epub ahead of print].

    Google Scholar 

  37. Mallo J, Mena E, Nevado F, Paredes V. Physical demands of top-class soccer friendly matches in relation to a playing position using global positioning system technology. J Hum Kinet. 2015;47:179–88.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  38. Hausler J, Halaki M, Orr R. Application of global positioning system and microsensor technology in competitive rugby league match-play: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Sports Med. 2016;46(4):559–88.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  39. Polley CS, Cormack SJ, Gabbett TJ, Polglaze T. Activity profile of high-level Australian lacrosse players. J Strength Cond Res. 2015;29(1):126–36.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  40. Bangsbo J, Mohr M, Krustrup P. Physiological and metabolic demands of training and match-play in the elite football player. J Sports Sci. 2006;24(7):665–74.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  41. Dalen T, Ingebrigtsen J, Ettema G, Hjelde GH, Wisloff U. Player load, acceleration, and deceleration during forty-five competitive matches of elite soccer. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(2):351–9.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  42. Pook P. Complete conditioning for rugby. 2nd ed. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics; 2004.

    Google Scholar 

  43. Adams WM, Hosokawa Y, Casa DJ. Body cooling paradigm in sport: maximizing safety and performance during competition. J Sport Rehabil. 2016;25(4):382–94. [Epub ahead of print 2016;1–27].

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  44. Bongers CCWG, Thijssen DHJ, Veltmeijer MTW, Hopman MTE, Eijsvogels TMH. Precooling and percooling (cooling during exercise) both improve performance in the heat: a meta-analytical review. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(6):377–84.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  45. Tyler CJ, Sunderland C, Cheung SS. The effect of cooling prior to and during exercise on exercise performance and capacity in the heat: a meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med. 2015;49(1):7–13.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  46. Mooney M, Cormack S, O’Brien B, Coutts AJ. Do physical capacity and interchange rest periods influence match exercise-intensity profile in Australian football? Int J Sports Physiol Perform. 2013;8:165–72.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  47. Abbiss CR, Laursen PB. Describing and understanding pacing strategies during athletic competition. Sports Med. 2008;38:239–52.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  48. Ely MR, Martin DE, Cheuvront SN, et al. Effect of ambient temperature on marathon pacing is dependent on runner ability. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2008;40(9):1675–80.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  49. El Helou N, Tafflet M, Berthelot G, et al. Impact on environmental parameters on marathon running performance. PLoS One. 2012;7(5):e37407.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  50. Deaner RO, Lowen A. Males and females pace differently in high school cross-country races. J Strength Cond Res. 2016;30(11):2991–7.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  51. DeMartini JK, Casa DJ, Belval LN, Crago A, Davis AJ, Jardine JJ, Stearns RL. Environmental conditions and the occurrence of exertional heat illnesses and exertional heat stroke at the Falmouth Road Race. J Athl Train. 2014;49(4):478–85.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  52. DeMartini JK, Ranalli GF, Casa DJ, Lopez RM, Ganio MS, Stearns RL, et al. Comparison of body cooling methods on physiological and perceptual measures of mildly hyperthermic athletes. J Strength Cond Res. 2011;25(8):2065–74.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

  53. McDermott BP, Anderson SA, Armstrong LE, Casa DJ, Cheuvront SN, Cooper L, Kenney WL, O’Connor FG, Roberts WO. National athletic trainers’ association position statement: fluid replacemet for the physically active. J Athl Train. 2017;52(9):877–895.

    Google Scholar 

  54. Casa DJ, DeMartini JK, Bergeron MF, Csillan D, Eichner ER, Lopez RM, et al. National athletic trainers’ association position statement: exertional heat illnesses. J Athl Train. 2015;50(9):986–1000.

    CrossRef  PubMed  PubMed Central  Google Scholar 

  55. Ranalli GF, DeMartini JK, Casa DJ, McDermott BP, Armstrong LE, Maresh CM. Effect of body cooling on subsequent aerobic and anaerobic exercise performance: a systematic review. J Strength Cond Res. 2010;24(12):3488–96.

    CrossRef  PubMed  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Julie K. Nolan PhD, ATC .

Editor information

Editors and Affiliations

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

Copyright information

© 2018 Springer International Publishing AG

About this chapter

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this chapter

Nolan, J.K., Benjamin, C., Ng, J.T.W., Hosokawa, Y. (2018). Team Sports. In: Casa, D. (eds) Sport and Physical Activity in the Heat. Springer, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70217-9_14

Download citation

  • DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70217-9_14

  • Published:

  • Publisher Name: Springer, Cham

  • Print ISBN: 978-3-319-70216-2

  • Online ISBN: 978-3-319-70217-9

  • eBook Packages: MedicineMedicine (R0)