Team Sports

  • Julie K. NolanEmail author
  • Courteney Benjamin
  • J. T. W. Ng
  • Yuri Hosokawa


Millions of individuals around the world participate in various types of sport and physical activity as part of their everyday lives including organized team sports. Organized sport encompasses a wide variety of age groups, participation levels, and types of activity. For example, team sports may involve youth to senior athletes, recreational to professional athletes, and activities that involve various durations and intensity levels. As a result of these variations, differences exist regarding ways in which to most optimally enhance performance in the heat while also promoting health and safety. Such differences include population risk factors for performing exercise in the heat, sport-specific and position-specific demands, and practical applications to combat these challenges. Regardless of these individual factors, maximizing both performance and safety should be a priority among all competitors.


Exercise physiology Exertional heat illness Physical demands Sport recovery Exercise training Global positioning system technology Risk factors Anaerobic exercise Aerobic exercise Intermittent exercise 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie K. Nolan
    • 1
    Email author
  • Courteney Benjamin
    • 2
  • J. T. W. Ng
    • 3
  • Yuri Hosokawa
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Athletic Training EducationSacred Heart UniversityFairfieldUSA
  2. 2.Department of KinesiologyKorey Stringer Institute, University of ConnecticutStorrsUSA
  3. 3.Department of Emergency MedicineUnited States Soccer Federation, Saint Petersburg General HospitalSaint PetersburgUSA

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