Napoleon in Swansea: Reflections of the Hundred Days in the Welsh Newspaper Seren Gomer
Seren Gomer (Star of Gomer) was the first Welsh-language weekly newspaper. It was launched in Swansea by the Baptist minister Joseph Harris and catered to a lively community of readers across Wales. Its 86 issues ran from January 1814 to August 1815 and offered a mix of local, national, and international news interspersed with advertisements, poetry, and letters. From March 1815 onward, Napoleon haunts its pages; the final issue coincides with his recapture after Waterloo. This essay examines Bonaparte’s appearances in the newspaper in a surprising variety of contexts, and situates these accounts in the wider field of Welsh literatur, including poetry, pamphlets, biography, and travel narrative.