An Online Learning Method for Embedded Decision Support in Agriculture Irrigation

Conference paper
Part of the Advances in Intelligent Systems and Computing book series (AISC, volume 687)


In view of the advantages of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs), acquisition devices, environmental user-interfaces and low-cost monitoring systems in the agricultural and farming domain, an innovative use of automatic learning decision support is proposed to manage the irrigation process. The aim of this work is to develop a low computational cost technique for a smart irrigation support system, which can be implemented into a simple microcontroller. The classical methods in automatic irrigation use basic on-off controller or complex models with a large number of variables and focus to replace the farmer in the control scheme. Conversely, this proposal uses the farmer experience as the center of the closed loop interpreting its irrigation rules and adapting to the crop changes depending on growth cycle, weather and soil sensors’ signals without involving any model. The three weeks dataset for the testing was constructed from a one-week experimental setup with soil-water potential, soil temperature and sunlight sensors by using approximation functions. Moreover, an online algorithm (AdaDelta) based on gradient descent was tested in an adaptive binary classification with a single layer neuron via MATLAB simulation. Preliminary results of this application have shown its potential with an accuracy of 97% and 6.5% mean square error over the reference method, which poses new possibilities to work in this approach and generate precision agriculture applications for low cost and common irrigation plants by using the new age technologies.


Precision agriculture Water management Automated irrigation Adaptive learning 



This research is being developed with support of the Universidad de Ibagué project no. 15-367-INT. The results presented in this paper have been obtained with the assistance of students from the Research Hotbed on Instrumentation and Control (SI2C), Research Group D+TEC, Universidad de Ibagué, Ibagué-Colombia.


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Electronics, Faculty of EngineeringUniversidad de IbaguéIbaguéColombia

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