Real-Time fMRI-Based Brain Computer Interface: A Review

  • Yang Wang
  • Dongrui Wu
Conference paper
Part of the Lecture Notes in Computer Science book series (LNCS, volume 10635)


In recent years, the rapid development of neuroimaging technology has been providing many powerful tools for cognitive neuroscience research. Among them, the functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), which has high spatial resolution, acceptable temporal resolution, simple calibration, and short preparation time, has been widely used in brain research. Compared with the electroencephalogram (EEG), real-time fMRI-based brain computer interface (rtfMRI-BCI) not only can perform decoding analysis across the whole brain to control external devices, but also allows a subject to voluntarily self-regulate specific brain regions. This paper reviews the basic architecture of rtfMRI-BCI, the emerging machine learning based data analysis approaches (also known as multi-voxel pattern analysis), and the applications and recent advances of rtfMRI-BCI.


Brain Computer Interface Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Machine learning Multi-voxel pattern analysis 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of AutomationHuazhong University of Science and TechnologyWuhanChina

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