Van Inwagen on the Problem of Evil: Is His Defense Story Reasonable?

  • Benedikt Paul Göcke
  • Cristina Schneider
  • Anna Sindermann
Part of the Münster Lectures in Philosophy book series (MUELP, volume 4)


It is often argued that the existence of an omniscient, omnipotent and morally perfect God is inconsistent with, or at least highly improbable in light of the undeniable fact that there is evil in the world. According to van Inwagen’s defense story, however, the existence of evil in fact is to be expected on the assumption that our ancestors freely turned away from God. The age of evil, according to van Inwagen’s defense, will end only if we freely return to living in loving union with Him. We are going to show that any defense story that is based on van Inwagen’s understanding of “God”, “love” and “freedom” is unreasonable.


Problem of evil Theodicy Omniscience Moral perfection Rational belief 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Benedikt Paul Göcke
    • 1
  • Cristina Schneider
    • 2
  • Anna Sindermann
    • 2
  1. 1.Faculty for Catholic TheologyRuhr UniversityBochumGermany
  2. 2.Department of PhilosophyWWU MünsterMünsterGermany

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