Creation of Green Culture and Values in the Hanul Madang Rooftop Garden at Seoul National University

  • Yong-hoon Son
Part of the Strategies for Sustainability book series (STSU)


This chapter discusses green roof policies and practices in Korea and introduces a case study of a rooftop garden at Seoul National University. Seoul City has greatly grown since the 1970s and is still expanding through urban development projects. This rapidly developing urban environment makes it very difficult to conserve green spaces. Since the 2000s, Seoul City’s policy has been increasingly concerned with qualitative growth indicators for green and livable cities. Impervious surfaces cover 48% of the total area of Seoul, i.e., the majority of the urbanized area is covered by impervious surfaces. Therefore, green roofs were included in the 2030 Seoul City Park and Green Space Master Plan, because they are a very effective way of increasing the quantity and quality of urban green spaces. Rooftop greening is a very effective way of contributing to green cities, because it is an economical way to utilize the available space. Previous studies on the value and benefit of green roofs in sustainable cities are summarized, and two types of green roofs are described. The first type is a leisure and recreation space to enrich the green culture in the urban environment, where there is a lack of greenery, while the other type has more ecological effects and aims to enhance the environment through greening of artificial grounds. The type of rooftop garden is decided at the beginning of its installation, which can be distinguished by an intensive or extensive system. In this chapter, the case of the Hanul Madang rooftop garden, built at Seoul National University, is introduced as an example of the use, as well as the ecological and cultural values, of rooftops.


Green roof Green culture Seoul City Seoul National University Sustainable city 


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Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Graduate School of Environmental StudiesSeoul National UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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