Integrated Management of Archaeological and Rural Landscape: Feasibility Project for Gordion Archaeological Park
Sustainable management of archaeological sites is a complex and a multifaceted process, which requires integrating scientific, social and economic perspectives of the site. Archaeological parks may provide several advantages in achieving integrated strategies during the decision-making process. The term “archaeological park” opens two-way perspectives in the management process: as a landscape approach for management of large territorial scale archaeological sites—like the experiences of managing a national park- and as a visitor interpretation approach, which combines display of activities regarding open-air museums, experimental archaeology, ancient technology and hands-on education activities together. In this chapter, the experiences of the feasibility project conducted for establishment of “Gordion Archaeological Park” (“The feasibility project for Gordion Archaeological Park” [Project no: TR51/15/DFD/0015] was funded by Ankara Regional Development Agency of Ministry of Development in 2015. Project coordinator is Governor of Polatlı District; project partners are Museum of Anatolian Civilisations, Ministry of Culture and Tourism, Gordion Excavation Team, Mersin University and Polatlı Chamber of Commerce. Scientific consultants of the project are Hasan Çetin, Halil Demirdelen, Nida Nayci and Yasemin Sarıkaya Levent. All pictures used in this chapter were documented by authors during the project studies except the ones as stated in the chapter), which aims at integrating these two perspectives together, are discussed. Gordion was the cultural and political centre of ancient Phrygian civilisation, which was one of the significant Anatolian Iron Age cultures located in Central Anatolia, in Polatlı, Ankara. The outcomes of Gordion Archaeological Park project are discussed to evaluate the potential of archaeological parks in sustainable management of world heritage sites.
KeywordsGordion Phrygian Rural landscape Archaeological park Management
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