Noise and Aggressiveness in the Workplace

  • Miodrag MilenovićEmail author
  • Snežana Živković
  • Milan Veljković
Conference paper
Part of the Springer Proceedings in Physics book series (SPPHY, volume 198)


In this paper, we look at the relationship between noise and aggressiveness at a production line at the Industry of Mechanical Engineering Niš. The study was carried out on a sample of 60 manual workers who were exposed to a noise level between 70 and 90 dB; the control group involved 60 administration workers, where noise levels did not exceed 55 dB. Noise levels were measured with a fonometer (Benetech GM 1351), which registers noise levels between 30 and 130 dB. Aggressiveness was measured using SIGMA questionnaire (which indicates the level of activity of the self-regulatory reaction to attack), and is an integral part of the Cybernetic Model of Personality Dimensions. Results showed there was a difference between the study and control groups (M exp = 61.30; M con = 51.44), which was statistically significant (t-test = 5.478, df = 98, p < 0.01); it is also noted that length of employment did not affect levels of aggressiveness. Results of this study support earlier finds that high noise levels not only affect employees’ psycho-physiology, but they correlate to their increased readiness to react aggressively to everyday life situations.


  1. 1.
    W. Passchier-Vermeer, W.F. Passchier, Noise exposure and public health. Environ. Health Persp. Suppl. 108(1), 123–131 (2000)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. Basner, W. Babisch, A. Davis, M. Brink, C. Clark, S. Janssen, S. Stansfeld, Auditory and non-auditory effect of noise on health. Lancet 383, 1325–1332 (2014)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    A.P. Smith, D.E. Broadbent, Non-auditory effects of noise at work: a review of the literature. HSE Contract Research Report No. 30, HMSO, London, 1992Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    H. Miadema, Noise and health: how does noise affect us? Proceedings of Inter-noise, Hague 1, 3–20 (2001)Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. Goines, L. Hagler, Noise pollution: a modern plague. South. Med. J. 100(3), 287–294 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    D. Beritić-Stahuljak, E. Ţuškin, F. Valić, J. Mustajbegovič, Buka, in Medicina rada (Medicinska naklada, Zagreb, 1999)Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    V. Đukić, L. Janošević, N. Arsović, Otorinolaringologija sa maksilofacijalnom hirurgijom (Zavod za udžbenike i nastavna sredstva, Beograd, 2014)Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    T. Lang, C. Fouriaud, M.C. Jacquinet, Length of occupational noise exposure and blood pressure. Int. Arch. Occup. Environ. Health 63, 369–372 (1992)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Cavatorta, M. Falzoi, A. Romanelli, Adrenal response in the pathogenesis of arterial hypertension in workers exposed to high noise levels. J. Hypertens. 5, 463–466 (1987)Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    S.B. Venkateshiah, N.A. Collop, Sleep and sleep disorders in the hospital. Chest 141(5), 1337–1345 (2012)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    S.P. Banbury, W.J. Macken, S. Tremblay, D.M. Jones, Auditory distraction and short-term memory: phenomena and practical implications. Hum. Factors 43(1), 12–29 (2001)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    G.W. Evans, R. Stecker, Motivational consequences of environmental stress. J. Environ. Psychol. 24(2), 143–165 (2004)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. Tarnopolsky, J. Morton-Williams, Aircraft noise and prevalence of psychiatric disorders. Research Report, Social and Community Planning Research, London, 1980Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    S.A. Stansfeld, M.M. Haines, B. Berry, M. Burr, Reduction of road traffic noise and mental health: an intervention study. Noise Health 11(44), 169–175 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    J. Blair, D. Mitchell, K. Blair, Psihopat (Naklada Slap, Zagreb-Jastrebarsko, 2008)Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    K. Momirović, B. Wolf, Z. Džamonja, KON 6-Kibernetička baterija konativnih testova (Centar za primenjenu psihologiju, Beograd, 1992)Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    D. Prasher, Is there evidence that environmental noise is immunotoxic? Noise Health 11(44), 151–155 (2009)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    G.E. Miller, E. Chen, E.S. Zhou, If it goes up, must it come down? Chronic stress and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical axis in humans. Psychol. Bull. 133(1), 25–45 (2007)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    M.A. Crook, F.J. Langdon, The effects of aircraft noise in schools around London Airport. J. Sound Vib. 34, 221–232 (1974)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A.L. Bronzaft, E. Deignan, Y. Bat-Chava, N. Nadler, Intrusive community noises yield more complaints. Hear. Rehabil. Q. 25, 16–22 (2000)Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    S. Melamed, T. Najenson, T. Luz, E. Jucha, M. Green, Noise annoyance, industrial noise exposure and psychological stress symptoms among male and female workers, in Noise 88: Noise as a Public Health Problem. Hearing, Communication, Sleep and Non-auditory Physiological Effects, vol. 2, ed. by B. Berglund (Swedish Council for Building Research, 1988), pp. 315–320Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    L. Standing, G. Stace, The effects of environmental noise on anxiety level. J. Gen. Psychol. 103, 263–272 (1980)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    R. Gregurek, M. Gozmi, Buka i zdravlje (Akademija medicinskih znanosti Hrvatske, Zagreb, 2005)Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    M. Milenović, S. Živković, M. Veljković, Noise and strategies for coping with stress, in Proceedings of the 11th International Conference Management and Safety, The Society of European Safety Engineers, Vrnjačka Banja, 2016, pp. 317–324Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing AG 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Miodrag Milenović
    • 1
    Email author
  • Snežana Živković
    • 2
  • Milan Veljković
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyFaculty of PhilosophyNišSerbia
  2. 2.Faculty of Occupational SafetyNišSerbia

Personalised recommendations