The development of surgical implants has a long history. Over 4500 years ago, the ancient Egyptians were already using gold ligature wires to stabilize teeth. Archeological studies have revealed the skills of Mayas in sophisticated dentistry and the use of shells for dental implants. Modern dental implants thrived from the 1960s as the choices of materials, structural design, surface finish, and coating become more versatile. Today, the new implants developed allow not only seamless structural support but also tissue integration, with sophisticated functional coatings to combat infection and promote bone regeneration. In this chapter, the main contents covered by this book are summarized, which include electrochemical sensor designs, electrical and physical sensors, sensor embodiment and flexible electronics, ultra-low-power Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs), optical sensors, power harvesting, and data exchange links, as well as wireless data paths and security.
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