State and Non-State Choices in Liberia

  • Marco Boggero


Liberia reveals contingencies in state choices. I offer a narrative where the agency of states can be recovered in spite of a contested process—especially in regulating maritime PMSCs. Choices on Montreux were not independent of the strategies of other actors, especially the United States. The development is dominated by private authority and includes influence of shipping and insurance industry as well as that of the Liberian maritime authority endorsing the first blueprints for security standards on board ships that is later adopted by the International Maritime Organization.


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Copyright information

© The Author(s) 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Marco Boggero
    • 1
  1. 1.School of Advanced International StudiesJohns Hopkins UniversityWashington, DCUSA

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